Social science is the study of society, people’s interactions within it and how it changes the world around us. It puts a broader perspective on the society and how it works. It makes one understand governments, local authorities, policymakers and more. Social science influences and shapes our day to day life. It involves tons of quantitative and qualitative research methods to understand trends of the society. Its impact on the society has been well documented throughout centuries.
Question of whether social science is real science or not, often looms. In all honesty, it’s still a debatable topic. The experts and researchers in the field are often referred to as social scientists. Though there are differences, social science and science are not indifferent to each other. People sometimes call social science as soft science and something like physics or chemistry as hard science.
What are the branches of studies constituting the subject of social science? That’s exactly what this post is about.
- Anthropology: It is the study of human nature and development of societies. It focuses on observing indigenous population in remote places. It intends to understand cultures, languages and religions. Anthropological findings often have a deep impact in political history of nations.
- Economics: It is the study of how a society manages money and goods. Often, it involves the understanding of demand and supply. It uses quantitative analysis as research tools for most part. It provides insights on how business and market works as a whole.
- History: History studies the community’s past and associated decisions. The successful ideas and blunders committed are analyzed in detail. It helps understand the ideas of olden times and possible applications of it in the present. It helps learn about lives of time gone by.
- Law: Interaction between social science and law as a broader subject is purely two-way. Branches of both the studies overlap with each other. Law is mainly concerned with disputes amongst individuals or societies. It establishes a set of rules that society lives by.
- Political Science: Political science examines on how government and politics influence society. It takes into account, the rise and fall of empires. Theories pertaining to practices and policies of political setup are put into observation and debate.
- Psychology: It is the most complex field in social science. It helps understanding thinking methods and dynamics of human mind. It is at times beyond the reach of hard science. It helps manipulate, control and understand people behavior.
- Geography: It questions how places are relative to each other and exactly how it matters. It is often about spaces and location. It studies why a river or town is in a specified location. It tries to understand the relations between the town, the river and cultures associated with the location.
- Sociology: Sociology is the focused study of society. It helps understand how a society functions and the interactions within. It puts interactions between members and groups into perspective. It studies human and group behavior.